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王洪利(1978年9月26日-),男,汉族,本科学历, 一级教师,中共党员,山东冠县人,1999年毕业后一直从事外语教学与研究。英语学科带头人、骨干教师。多次获得优质课获得者、教学能手等荣誉称号。此后继续学习深造。多次参与、参加骨干教师培训、教科研讨、英语教学论坛等工作,,成绩显著。

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山东省委党校2011年在职研究生英语练习题  

2011-06-15 13:37:41|  分类: 我的工作材料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一、单项选择

1. When I was young, I ___B_____ to school every day.

A. was walking      B. walked

C. had walked       D. had been walking

2. Continuing education classes give some adults the chance ____  to learn ____ new skills.

  A. learn                           B. to be learning

  C. to learn                         D. to have learned

3. Because of ________ you have done, things become much worse.

  A. that                            B. whom

  C. which                          D. what

4. These questions ____C__ at tomorrow’s meeting.

A. have been discussed             B. had been discussed

C. will be discussed                D. shall be discussed 

5. It is ____ in spring than in autumn.

A. warmer                        B. more warm  

C. warmest                       D. most warm

6. Miss White has been a secretary __________.

A. every year                      B. since 1997

C. ten years ago                    D. in 1997

7. I called on her and found that she ________.

A. went abroad                    B. go abroad

C. had gone abroad                 D. has gone abroad

8 Telephone ________ in our everyday life.

A. being used                      B. uses

C. is used                         D. is using

9 The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself ________.

A. hear of                          B. to hear

C. hearing from                     D. heard

10. The Olympic Games, ________ in 776 B. C., did not include women players until 1912.

  A. first playing                      B. to be first played

  C. first played                       D. to be first playing

11. When they arrived, the game ________.

A. already start       B. already started

C. have already started   D. had already started

12. Those books ________ to the library next Monday.

A. can return                  B. can be returned

C. can returned                D. can return to

13. I’m sorry, but smoking ________ here.

A. is allowed                 B. is not allowed

C. will be allowed             D. will not allow

14. They got to the bus station ________ than you did.

A. more late                  B. later

C. more later                 D. late

15. He talked of the people and books ________ interested him.

A. who                      B. whose      

C. that                       D. whom

16. Excuse ________, may I ask you a question?

A. I                  B. my     

C. me                  D. us

17. They never knew that pollution ________ a big problem.

A. become                   B. would become

C. is going to                 D. does become

18. You ________ where you leave your things.

A. always forgets   B. forget

C. will always forget      D. are always forgetting

19. He doesn’t live in the city, ________ ?.

A. isn’t he                   B. doesn’t he

C. is he                     D. does he

20. Now she is leaving London. She has stayed here ________.

A. after 1980  B. in 1980

C. for 1980     D. since 1980

21. ________ meeting will be put off (推迟) till next Monday.

A. Tomorrow’s                   B. Tomorrows’

C. Tomorrow                     D. Tomorrows

22. The house ________ is very nice, but the compound (院子) is too small.

A. himself                 B. herself    

C. itself                   D. oneself

23. I told him not to go, but he ________ not listen.

A. will     B. would

C. shall    D. should

24. This time last year, Tom ________ with his friends in London.

  A. stayed                        B. was staying

C. is staying                      D. stays

25. Let’s ________ and get something to eat.

   A. to go                     B. go

   C. going                     D. goes

26. When they arrived at the airport, the plane ________.

A. already take off  B. already took off

C. have already taken off       D. had already taken off

27. Those books ________ to the library next Monday.

A. can return                  B. can be returned

C. can returned                D. can return to

28. They got to the airport ________ than you did.

A. more late                  B. later

C. more later                 D. late

29. He talked of the people and books ________ interested him.

A. who                      B. whose      

C. that                       D. whom

30. He was writing an e-mail ________ I was watch TV in the hotel room.

A. as soon as               B. after

C. until                   D. while

二、阅读理解

 (1)

I have often thought it would be a blessing if each human being were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life. Darkness would make him more appreciative of sight, silence would teach him the joys of sound.

Now and then I have tested my seeing friends to discover what they see. Recently I was visited by a very good friend who had just returned from a long walk in the woods, and I asked her what she had observed. “Nothing is particular,” she replied. I might have been incredulous had I not been accustomed to such responses, for long ago I became convinced that the seeing see little.

How was it possible, I asked myself, to walk for an hour through the woods and see nothing worthy of note? I who cannot see find hundreds of things to interest me through mere touch. I feel the delicate symmetry of a leaf. I pass my hands lovingly about the smooth skin of a silver birch, of the rough bark of a pine. In spring I touch the branches of trees hopefully in search of a bud, the first sign of awakening nature after her winter’s sleep. Occasionally, if I am very fortunate, I place my hand gently on a small tree and feel the happy quiver of a bird in full song. I am delighted to have the cool waters of a brook rush through my open fingers. To me the pageant of seasons is a thrilling and unending drama, the action of which streams through my finger tips.

At times my heart cries out with longing to see all these things. If I can get so much pleasure from mere touch, how much more beauty must be revealed by sight. Yet, those who have eyes apparently see little. The panorama of color and action which fills the world is taken for granted. It is human perhaps, to appreciate little that which we have and to long for that which we have not, but it is a great pity that in the world of light the gift of sight is used only as mere convenience rather than as a means of adding fullness to life.

If I were president of a university, I should establish a compulsory course in “How to Use Your Eyes”. The professor would try to show his pupils how they could add joy to their lives by really seeing what passes unnoticed before them. He would try to awake their dormant and sluggish faculties.

1. According to the text, it would be a blessing if________.

    A. every human being were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life

B. every human being is stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life

C. every human being is stricken blind and deaf

D. every human being were stricken blind and deaf

2. Which of the following is the author’s opinion about the seeing people?

A. Most of the seeing people see little.

B. The seeing people cherished their gift of sight very much.

C. The seeing people use their power of sight to the full.

D. The seeing people use their gift of sight as a means of adding color to life.

3. The author could not see by sight, but she ______.

A. could find hundreds of things to interest her through mere touch

B. knew more than the seeing

C. was very optimistic and could “see” more than the seeing

D. both A and C

4. According to the text, why would it be a blessing if each human being were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life?

A. Because darkness would make him more appreciative of sight, and silence would teach him the joys of sound.

B. Because people seldom cherish what they have and if they lose what they have for a short time they would cherish what they have much more.

C. Because people are always longing for what they don’t have.

D. both A and B

5. We can infer from the text that _______.

A. though the author was blind, she loved life and she knew well how to add fullness to life

B. the author was a president of a university

C. the author established a compulsory course in “How to Use Your Eyes”

D. the author appreciated little what she had and longed for what she had not.

(2)

We use both words and body language to express our thoughts and opinions and to communicate with other people. We can learn a lot about what a person is thinking by watching his or her body language. Words are important, but the way a person stands, folds his or her arms, or moves his or her hands can also give us information about his or her feelings.

Just like spoken language, body language varies from culture to culture. Making eye contact – looking directly into someone’s eyes – is in some counties a way to show interest. In other countries, however, eye contact is rude or disrespectful. The gesture of OK, making a circle with one’s thumb and index finger, has different meanings in different cultures. In Japan, someone who sees another person making the gesture will think it means money. In France, a person seeing the same gesture will think it means zero. In Brazil and Germany, however, the gesture is rude. The thumbs-up gesture, meaning “great” or “good job” in the US, is rude in Nigeria, but in Germany and Japan it means the number one. The “crazy” gesture, moving the index finger in a circle in front of the ear, means “you have a phone call” in Brazil.

While there are many different interpretations of our body language, some gestures seem to be universal. A good way of saying “I am full” is moving the hand in circles over the stomach after a meal. If a person pats his or her stomach before a meal, it usually means “I am hungry”.

Perhaps the best example of universally understood body language is the smile. A smile can help us get through difficult situations and find friends in a world of strangers. A smile can open doors and tear down walls. It can be used to express almost any emotion. We can use a smile to apologize, to greet someone, to ask for help or to start a conversation. We can smile at ourselves in the mirror to make ourselves feel happier and stronger. And if we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.

6. We can get information about a person’s feelings from ________.

A. his words

B. the way he stands

C. the way he folds his arms or move his hands

D. both his words and his body language

7. Eye contact  ________.

A. has different meanings in different cultures

B. is rude or disrespectful

C. has the same meaning in all the countries

D. is a way to show interest

8. A good way of saying “I’m full.” is ________.

A. moving the hand in circles over the stomach after a meal

B. resting one’s head on the back of one’s hand

C. patting the stomach before a meal

D. Both A and C

9. The “crazy” gesture means ________ in Brazil.

A. great

B. the number one

C. you have a phone call

D. none of above

10. The gesture for OK, making a circle with one’s thumb and index finger, ________.

A. all of the following

B. means money in Japan

C. means zero in France

D. has different meanings in different cultures

(3)

A man came home from work late again, tired and irritated, to find his 5-year-old son waiting for him at the door. “Daddy, may I ask you a question?”

“Yeah, sure, what is it?” replied the man.

“Daddy, how much money do you make an hour?”

“That’s none of your business! What makes you ask such a thing?” the man said angrily.

“I just want to know. Please tell me, how much do you make an hour?” pleaded the little boy.

“If you must know, I make $20.00 an hour.”

“Oh,” the little boy replied, head bowed. Looking up, he said, “Daddy, may I borrow $10.00 please?”

The father was furious. “If the only reason you wanted to know how much money I make is just so you can borrow some to buy a silly toy or some other nonsense, then you march yourself straight to your room and go to bed. Think about why you’re being so selfish. I work long, hard hours every day and don’t have time for such childish games.”

The little boy quietly went to his room and shut the door. The man sat down and started to get even madder about the little boy’s questioning. How dare he ask such questions only to get some money. After an hour or so, the man had calmed down, and started to think he may have been a little hard on his son. Maybe there was something he really needed to buy with that $10.00, and he really didn’t ask for money very often.

The man went to the door of the little boy’s room and opened the door. “Are you asleep, son?” he asked.

“No daddy, I’m awake,” replied the boy.

“I’ve been thinking, maybe I was too hard on you earlier,” said the man. “It’s been a long day and I took my aggravation out on you. Here’s that $10.00 you asked for.” The little boy sat straight up, beaming. “Oh, thank you daddy!” he yelled. Then, reaching under his pillow, he pulled out some more crumpled up bills.

The man, seeing that the boy already had money, started to get angry again. The little boy slowly counted out his money, then looked up at the man. “Why did you want more money if you already had some?” the father grumbled.

“Because I didn’t have enough, but now I do,” the little boy replied. “Daddy, I have $20.00 now. Can I buy an hour of your time?”

11. What do you know about the man?

    A. He made a lot of money.

    B. He often came home from work late.

    C. He often went to work late.

    D. He spent lots of time taking care of his son.

  12. Why was the boy waiting for his father at the door?

    A. Because he missed his father very much.

    B. Because he was hungry.

    C. Because he wanted to borrow some money from his father.

    D. Because he had good news to tell his father.

  13. The man went to talk to his son because ________.

    A. he thought he might have been a little hard on his son.

    B. he wanted to ask his son some questions.

    C. he wanted to find out whether his son was asleep or not.

    D. his son was crying in his bedroom.

  14. The boy wanted to borrow some money from his father because ________.

    A. he wanted to buy a toy with the money

    B. he wanted to buy a birthday present for himself

    C. he didn’t have any money

    D. he didn’t have enough money to buy an hour of his father’s time

  15. What is the main idea of the passage?

    A. Parents should give their children some pocket money.

    B. Parents should not neglect (忽视) their children no matter how busy they are.

    C. Parents should not be hard on their children.

    D. Children can buy time from their parents.

 (4)

You may not realize it, but you are doing much more than just studying, when you are at school. School is also the place where you learn to get along well with people. But this is not always easy. What can you do if you just don’t like one of your classmates?

If you discover that you have problems getting along with your classmates or friends, the most important thing to learn is tolerance. Tolerance is the ability to realize and respect the differences in others. We can not change the way that other people do, so it is important to learn to live happily with them.

Tolerance will make everyone get on better with each other. Getting to know someone may help you understand why they do things differently. Something different does not exactly mean that it is bad. Tolerance teaches us to keep an even temper and open mind.

You need to remember an old saying, “treat others how you want to be treated”. You would like to be treated kindly by your classmates, so it is important to treat them kindly too. If you tolerate something, it does not mean that you have to like it. No one is asking you to change who you are or what you believe in. Tolerance just means that you should respect the differences in others and not try to make them change.

It is important to practice tolerance, because it will make everyone’s lives easier. Learn to accept people for their different abilities and interests. The world is very different, and practicing tolerance in your own school and city can help make a difference.

16. According to the author, what is tolerance?

A. Tolerance is the ability that we have to change the way that other people do.

B. Tolerance is the ability to realize and respect the differences in others.

C. Tolerance is a weapon to fight against the enemy.

D. Tolerance is the way to discover whether you have problems getting along with your classmates or friends.

17. What does tolerance function (起作用) in getting along with your friends?

A. It makes you change who you are and what you believe.

B. It can help us understand why people do things differently.

C. It warns us to keep an even tempter and open mind.

D. It is important for us to learn tolerance.

18. Why is tolerance important?

A. Because it will make everyone’s lives easier.

B. Because it will make everyone get on better with each other.

C. Because it teaches us to respect the differences in others and not try to make them change.

D. All of the above.

19. “Treat others how you want to be treated”, what does the sentence mean?

A. If you want to be treated kindly, you should treat others kindly too.

B. If someone treats you badly, you will treat them kindly.

C. You should change yourself to tolerate others.

D. Others should change themselves to tolerate you.

20. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. If you tolerate something, you must change yourself.

B. Tolerance can make you get on better with your classmates or friends, for it teaches you to keep an even temper and open mind.

C. We can live happily with other people by changing the way they do.

D. Practicing tolerance can not make any change in your life for the world is different.

(5)

I found out one time that doing a favor for someone could get you into a lot of trouble.

    One time when I was taking a final test, the girl next to me whispered something, but I couldn’t understand. So I leaned over her way and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk.

    Later, after we turned in all the test papers, the teacher asked me to stay in the room. As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she mentioned how important it was to stand on your own feet and be responsible for my own acts. For a long time she talked about honesty and emphasized that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating themselves. She made me promise that I wouldn’t think seriously about what she said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she chose to talk to me about all these things.

Later on, I found out that she thought I was cheating on the test. I tried to explain about the pen, but what she said was that it seemed very strange to her that I didn’t mention anything about the pen the day she talked to me right after the test. To this day, I am sure she continues to believe that I had cheated on that test. Appearances can be deceiving and it is difficult to know how others will perceive our action.

21. Why did the girl say something to me in a low voice?

A. Because she wanted to have a look on my paper.

B. Because she couldn’t work out the question on the paper.

C. Because she wanted to ask me for a pen.

D. Because she wanted me to give her the answer to the questions.

22. Why did the teacher let me stay after class?

A. She wanted to give me a gift.

B. She wanted to talk with me.

C. She wanted to tell me a story.

D. She wanted to make me do some cleaning.

23. What did the teacher think about me?

A. She thought I was not mature (成熟的).

B. She thought I was an honest person.

C. She thought I did a right thing.

D. She thought I was cheating in the exam.

24. Why didn’t the teacher believe that I didn’t cheat on the test?

A. She saw I was cheating with her own eyes.

B. Someone else told her about it.

C. She thought if I didn’t cheat I would tell her the truth of the pen.

D. She couldn’t believe anything I said.

25. What can you infer (推断) from the passage?

A. We can’t judge from the appearance (表面).

B. We shouldn’t help others in the exam.

C. We should tell the teacher in time if we help others.

D. We shouldn’t cheat on the test.

(6)

 We all have certain habits and we can have good habits or bad habits.

This passage gives us some advice on how to be healthy. It tells us what we must do if we want to keep ourselves fit.

Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

This is an old English saying. It means that we must go to bed early in the evening and get up early in the morning.

Is this true? Perhaps it is. The body must have enough sleep. Children, for instance, need ten hours’ sleep every night. If we do not go to bed early, we cannot have enough sleep. Then we cannot think or do our work properly. We will not be wise or live a comfortable life.

Some people go to bed late at night and get up late in the morning. This is not good for them. We must sleep at night when it is dark. The dark helps us to sleep well. When daytime comes, we must get up. It is the time for exercise. Exercise means doing something with the body. Walking, running, jumping, swimming, playing games are all good forms of exercise. If the body is not used, it becomes weak. Exercise keeps it strong.

Exercise helps blood to move around inside the body. This is very important. Blood takes food to all parts of our bodies. The brains in our heads also need blood. We think with our brain. If we can keep our bodies healthy, and do exercises, we can think better!

Our bodies also need air to breathe. Without air we cannot live. We must have plenty of clean, fresh air to breathe if we want to be in good health.

So, people often sleep with their room windows open because they want to have plenty of clean, fresh air to breathe.

In brief, you don’t know what happiness is until you lose it; you don’t know what health is until you are ill. “Health is of vital importance to life” sounds like a cliché to everyone, but it is absolutely true.

26. Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. What does this statement mean?

A. If one goes to bed early, he would be a wise man.

B. If one gets up early, he would be a wealthy man.

C. If one goes to bed early and gets up early, he would be a wealthy man.

D. It is very important for us to form healthy habits.

27. According to the text, if we don’t have enough sleep, ________.

A. we won’t live comfortably

B. we will do our work correctly

C. we will think properly

D. we will be wise

28. Exercise is ________.

A. to do something with the body

B. to do more homework

C. to do more drills (训练)

D. to get up early in the morning

29. Why is exercise helpful for health? Because ________.

A. it helps us to sleep properly.

B. people will die soon if they do not have enough exercises

C. it helps take nutrition (营养) to every part of the body with blood circulation (血液循环)

D. it helps us to think and do our work properly.

30. Why do people often sleep with their room window open?

A. Because they want enough clean and fresh air to breathe.

B. Because they feel hot at night.

C. Because they want to look after their garden.

三、英译汉

1. At times my heart cries out with longing to see all these things. If I can get so much pleasure from mere touch, how much more beauty must be revealed by sight. Yet, those who have eyes apparently see little. The panorama of color and action which fills the world is taken for granted. It is human perhaps, to appreciate little that which we have and to long for that which we have not, but it is a great pity that in the world of light the gift of sight is used only as mere convenience rather than as a means of adding fullness to life.

2. Which of your feelings do you let other people know about? Which do you keep to yourself? Sometimes it’s a good thing to say what you feel. At other times it’s better to keep quiet about your feelings. Sometimes it’s hard to know exactly what you feel. At other times feelings are so strong that you can not control them. People from different cultures have different ways of dealing with feelings. It is said that English people are cold. If they do feel anything, they will not let other people know.

3. The little boy quietly went to his room and shut the door. The man sat down and started to get even madder about the little boy’s questioning. How dare he ask such questions only to get some money. After an hour or so, the man had calmed down, and started to think he may have been a little hard on his son. Maybe there was something he really needed to buy with that $10.00, and he really didn’t ask for money very often. The man went to the door of the little boy’s room and opened the door. “Are you asleep, son?” he asked.

4. One hot summer day, Professor Rudd decided to take his children to the beach. The seaside town he planned to visit was a three-hour train ride away. To make the trip more interesting for his young children, he kept the name of the town a secret. Unfortunately, by the time Rudd had arrived at the train station, the poor forgetful man had forgotten the name of his destination himself. Luckily, a friend of his happened to be in the station. He offered to take care of the children while Rudd went back home to find out where he was going.

5. The home of bees is called a bee-hive. Here hundreds — even thousands — of bees live. They work day and night building small walls of wax. Here they make their honey. This is the same honey that we eat. Where does the honey come from? Bees live on food from flowers. Have you ever seen bees flying around a flower garden? When a bee rests on a flower, it tries to go to the center of it. There it takes in as much food as its body can hold. Then it carries the food back to the hive.

6. How do bees know where to find the best food in the sweetest flowers? One bee acts as a guide. When it discovers good flowers, it flies back to the hive to tell the others. It does this by dancing for them. The bee dances on one side. This tells the other bees which way to go to find the flowers, but that is not all. The bee dances for some time, and the length of its dance tells the other bees how far they must fly to reach the flowers. When the other bees see the dance, they know where the flowers are. They fly away and return with more food for the hive.

 

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