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王洪利(1978年9月26日-),男,汉族,本科学历, 一级教师,中共党员,山东冠县人,1999年毕业后一直从事外语教学与研究。英语学科带头人、骨干教师。多次获得优质课获得者、教学能手等荣誉称号。此后继续学习深造。多次参与、参加骨干教师培训、教科研讨、英语教学论坛等工作,,成绩显著。

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山东省委党校2011年在职研究生英语练习题 (译文)  

2011-06-15 14:14:49|  分类: 我的工作材料 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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山东省委党校2011年在职研究生英语练习题

一、单项选择

1. When I was young, I ___B_____ to school every day.

A. was walking      B. walked

C. had walked       D. had been walking

2. Continuing education classes give some adults the chance ____  to learn ____ new skills.

  A. learn                           B. to be learning

  C. to learn                         D. to have learned

3. Because of ________ you have done, things become much worse.

  A. that                            B. whom

  C. which                          D. what

4. These questions ____C__ at tomorrow’s meeting.

A. have been discussed             B. had been discussed

C. will be discussed                D. shall be discussed 

5. It is ____ in spring than in autumn.

A. warmer                        B. more warm  

C. warmest                       D. most warm

6. Miss White has been a secretary __________.

A. every year                      B. since 1997

C. ten years ago                    D. in 1997

7. I called on her and found that she ________.

A. went abroad                    B. go abroad

C. had gone abroad                 D. has gone abroad

8 Telephone ________ in our everyday life.

A. being used                      B. uses

C. is used                         D. is using

9 The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself ________.

A. hear of                          B. to hear

C. hearing from                     D. heard

10. The Olympic Games, ________ in 776 B. C., did not include women players until 1912.

  A. first playing                      B. to be first played

  C. first played                       D. to be first playing

11. When they arrived, the game ________.

A. already start       B. already started

C. have already started   D. had already started

12. Those books ________ to the library next Monday.

A. can return                  B. can be returned

C. can returned                D. can return to

13. I’m sorry, but smoking ________ here.

A. is allowed                 B. is not allowed

C. will be allowed             D. will not allow

14. They got to the bus station ________ than you did.

A. more late                  B. later

C. more later                 D. late

15. He talked of the people and books ________ interested him.

A. who                      B. whose      

C. that                       D. whom

16. Excuse ________, may I ask you a question?

A. I                  B. my     

C. me                  D. us

17. They never knew that pollution ________ a big problem.

A. become                   B. would become

C. is going to                 D. does become

18. You ________ where you leave your things.

A. always forgets   B. forget

C. will always forget      D. are always forgetting

19. He doesn’t live in the city, ________ ?.

A. isn’t he                   B. doesn’t he

C. is he                     D. does he

20. Now she is leaving London. She has stayed here ________.

A. after 1980  B. in 1980

C. for 1980     D. since 1980

21. ________ meeting will be put off (推迟) till next Monday.

A. Tomorrow’s                   B. Tomorrows’

C. Tomorrow                     D. Tomorrows

22. The house ________ is very nice, but the compound (院子) is too small.

A. himself                 B. herself    

C. itself                   D. oneself

23. I told him not to go, but he ________ not listen.

A. will     B. would

C. shall    D. should

24. This time last year, Tom ________ with his friends in London.

  A. stayed                        B. was staying

C. is staying                      D. stays

25. Let’s ________ and get something to eat.

   A. to go                     B. go

   C. going                     D. goes

26. When they arrived at the airport, the plane ________.

A. already take off  B. already took off

C. have already taken off       D. had already taken off

27. Those books ________ to the library next Monday.

A. can return                  B. can be returned

C. can returned                D. can return to

28. They got to the airport ________ than you did.

A. more late                  B. later

C. more later                 D. late

29. He talked of the people and books ________ interested him.

A. who                      B. whose      

C. that                       D. whom

30. He was writing an e-mail ________ I was watch TV in the hotel room.

A. as soon as               B. after

C. until                   D. while

二、阅读理解

 (1)

I have often thought it would be a blessing if each human being were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life. Darkness would make him more appreciative of sight, silence would teach him the joys of sound.

我常常在想,这将是一种福气,如果每一个人能失明或失聪几天,这在他刚成人的生活。黑暗将使他更加感激光明,寂静将告诉他声音的美妙。

Now and then I have tested my seeing friends to discover what they see. Recently I was visited by a very good friend who had just returned from a long walk in the woods, and I asked her what she had observed. “Nothing is particular,” she replied. I might have been incredulous had I not been accustomed to such responses, for long ago I became convinced that the seeing see little.

我不时地询问过我的能看见东西的朋友们,以了解他们看到什么。最近,我正在访问一个很好的朋友刚从一片森林里散步许久,我问她看到了什么特别的东西,”她回答道。我可能已经倘若我不是已经习惯了这样的回答,因为很久以来我已确信这个情况:能看得见的人却看不到什么。

How was it possible, I asked myself, to walk for an hour through the woods and see nothing worthy of note? I who cannot see find hundreds of things to interest me through mere touch. I feel the delicate symmetry of a leaf. I pass my hands lovingly about the smooth skin of a silver birch, of the rough bark of a pine. In spring I touch the branches of trees hopefully in search of a bud, the first sign of awakening nature after her winter’s sleep. Occasionally, if I am very fortunate, I place my hand gently on a small tree and feel the happy quiver of a bird in full song. I am delighted to have the cool waters of a brook rush through my open fingers. To me the pageant of seasons is a thrilling and unending drama, the action of which streams through my finger tips.

这怎么可能,我问自己,在林中溜达了一个小时而没有见到什麽值得注意的吗?我这个看不见东西的人发现了好几百种令我感到兴趣的事物仅仅通过触摸。我感觉到叶片的精致的对称。我把我的手伸手摸摸白桦树光滑的表面,松树粗糙的树皮。春天里,我满怀希望地触摸树枝,冀求找着一颗幼芽,第一次签署的大自然经过冬日沉睡重又苏醒。有时,如果我很幸运,我把手轻轻地放在一棵小树上,能感到的快乐震颤歌唱的小鸟。我很高兴有清凉的溪水从我张开的手指。在我看来,一年四季的绚丽景色犹如一出无尽的动人的戏剧,剧中的人物动作从我的指尖流过。

At times my heart cries out with longing to see all these things. If I can get so much pleasure from mere touch, how much more beauty must be revealed by sight. Yet, those who have eyes apparently see little. The panorama of color and action which fills the world is taken for granted. It is human perhaps, to appreciate little that which we have and to long for that which we have not, but it is a great pity that in the world of light the gift of sight is used only as mere convenience rather than as a means of adding fullness to life.

有时我的心时时在呼号,渴望见到所有这一切。如果我能得到这么多的乐趣,仅凭我的触觉多少美丽的东西光明定会展示。可是,那些双目完好的人显然所见甚少。世间的色彩和动作的景象大千世界看作是理所当然的。它是人类的或许,不珍惜已拥有的东西而渴望我们没有,但是非常遗憾的是,在这光明的世界里,天赋的视力只被当成一种单纯的方便,而不是作为一种手段,充实的生活。

If I were president of a university, I should establish a compulsory course in “How to Use Your Eyes”. The professor would try to show his pupils how they could add joy to their lives by really seeing what passes unnoticed before them. He would try to awake their dormant and sluggish faculties.

如果我是总统,一个大学,我就要开设一门必修课:“如何使用你们的眼睛”。这门课的教授应该试图给他的学生显示怎样能以为自己的生活增添快乐真正看见那些从他们面前不知不觉溜掉。他将尽力唤醒他们那些昏睡懒散的感官。

1. According to the text, it would be a blessing if________.

    A. every human being were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life

B. every human being is stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life

C. every human being is stricken blind and deaf

D. every human being were stricken blind and deaf

2. Which of the following is the author’s opinion about the seeing people?

A. Most of the seeing people see little.

B. The seeing people cherished their gift of sight very much.

C. The seeing people use their power of sight to the full.

D. The seeing people use their gift of sight as a means of adding color to life.

3. The author could not see by sight, but she ______.

A. could find hundreds of things to interest her through mere touch

B. knew more than the seeing

C. was very optimistic and could “see” more than the seeing

D. both A and C

4. According to the text, why would it be a blessing if each human being were stricken blind and deaf for a few days at some time during his early adult life?

A. Because darkness would make him more appreciative of sight, and silence would teach him the joys of sound.

B. Because people seldom cherish what they have and if they lose what they have for a short time they would cherish what they have much more.

C. Because people are always longing for what they don’t have.

D. both A and B

5. We can infer from the text that _______.

A. though the author was blind, she loved life and she knew well how to add fullness to life

B. the author was a president of a university

C. the author established a compulsory course in “How to Use Your Eyes”

D. the author appreciated little what she had and longed for what she had not.

(2)

We use both words and body language to express our thoughts and opinions and to communicate with other people. We can learn a lot about what a person is thinking by watching his or her body language. Words are important, but the way a person stands, folds his or her arms, or moves his or her hands can also give us information about his or her feelings. 我们用两个词和肢体语言来表达自己的想法和观点以及与别人交流。我们可以学到很多关于一个人的思维是看他或她的身体语言。言语很重要,但是一个人的站姿、手臂的交叉以及活动的双手也能给我们有关他或她内心情感的信息。

Just like spoken language, body language varies from culture to culture. Making eye contact – looking directly into someone’s eyes – is in some counties a way to show interest. In other countries, however, eye contact is rude or disrespectful. The gesture of OK, making a circle with one’s thumb and index finger, has different meanings in different cultures. In Japan, someone who sees another person making the gesture will think it means money. In France, a person seeing the same gesture will think it means zero. In Brazil and Germany, however, the gesture is rude. The thumbs-up gesture, meaning “great” or “good job” in the US, is rude in Nigeria, but in Germany and Japan it means the number one. The “crazy” gesture, moving the index finger in a circle in front of the ear, means “you have a phone call” in Brazil. 就像口语一样,因身体语言文化与文化之间也有不同。眼神交流——直视别人的眼睛——在某些县一种方式来表现出兴趣。在其他国家,然而,目光接触是粗鲁的、不尊重。的姿态可以做成一个圆圈,用大拇指和食指,在不同的文化中有不同的含义。在日本,一个人如果见到了其他人在做这个手势,他会联想到“钱”。在法国,一个人见到同样手势的人,会认为是“0”。然而在巴西和德国,这种手势是粗野的。拇指朝上的手势,意思是“伟大的”或“好工作”在美国,是不礼貌的,但在尼日利亚在德国和日本,这意味着一号。“疯狂”的手势,食指在移动一个圆前面耳朵的,意思是“你的电话:“在巴西。

While there are many different interpretations of our body language, some gestures seem to be universal. A good way of saying “I am full” is moving the hand in circles over the stomach after a meal. If a person pats his or her stomach before a meal, it usually means “I am hungry”. 虽然有很多不同的看法,我们的身体语言一些手势似乎是全球通用的。一个好的方式说:“我已经饱了”是在内部移动手胃在膳食以后。如果一个人拍他或她的胃用餐前,通常意味着“我饿了。”

Perhaps the best example of universally understood body language is the smile. A smile can help us get through difficult situations and find friends in a world of strangers. A smile can open doors and tear down walls. It can be used to express almost any emotion. We can use a smile to apologize, to greet someone, to ask for help or to start a conversation. We can smile at ourselves in the mirror to make ourselves feel happier and stronger. And if we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend. 也许最好的例子的肢体语言是普遍的理解的微笑。一个微笑可以使我们摆脱困境并找到朋友们在世界的陌生人。微笑能敲开大门,拆除高墙。它可以用来表达几乎任何情感。我们可以用微笑来道歉,打招呼,求助和搭话。微笑可以帮助我们在陌生的世界里度过难关。如果我们情绪低落或感到孤独,那么没有比看到朋友的笑脸更好的了。

6. We can get information about a person’s feelings from ________.

A. his words

B. the way he stands

C. the way he folds his arms or move his hands

D. both his words and his body language

7. Eye contact  ________.

A. has different meanings in different cultures

B. is rude or disrespectful

C. has the same meaning in all the countries

D. is a way to show interest

8. A good way of saying “I’m full.” is ________.

A. moving the hand in circles over the stomach after a meal

B. resting one’s head on the back of one’s hand

C. patting the stomach before a meal

D. Both A and C

9. The “crazy” gesture means ________ in Brazil.

A. great

B. the number one

C. you have a phone call

D. none of above

10. The gesture for OK, making a circle with one’s thumb and index finger, ________.

A. all of the following

B. means money in Japan

C. means zero in France

D. has different meanings in different cultures

(3)

A man came home from work late again, tired and irritated, to find his 5-year-old son waiting for him at the door. “Daddy, may I ask you a question?”

“Yeah, sure, what is it?” replied the man.

“Daddy, how much money do you make an hour?”

“That’s none of your business! What makes you ask such a thing?” the man said angrily.

“I just want to know. Please tell me, how much do you make an hour?” pleaded the little boy.

“If you must know, I make $20.00 an hour.”

“Oh,” the little boy replied, head bowed. Looking up, he said, “Daddy, may I borrow $10.00 please?”

The father was furious. “If the only reason you wanted to know how much money I make is just so you can borrow some to buy a silly toy or some other nonsense, then you march yourself straight to your room and go to bed. Think about why you’re being so selfish. I work long, hard hours every day and don’t have time for such childish games.”

The little boy quietly went to his room and shut the door. The man sat down and started to get even madder about the little boy’s questioning. How dare he ask such questions only to get some money. After an hour or so, the man had calmed down, and started to think he may have been a little hard on his son. Maybe there was something he really needed to buy with that $10.00, and he really didn’t ask for money very often.

The man went to the door of the little boy’s room and opened the door. “Are you asleep, son?” he asked.

“No daddy, I’m awake,” replied the boy.

“I’ve been thinking, maybe I was too hard on you earlier,” said the man. “It’s been a long day and I took my aggravation out on you. Here’s that $10.00 you asked for.” The little boy sat straight up, beaming. “Oh, thank you daddy!” he yelled. Then, reaching under his pillow, he pulled out some more crumpled up bills.

The man, seeing that the boy already had money, started to get angry again. The little boy slowly counted out his money, then looked up at the man. “Why did you want more money if you already had some?” the father grumbled.

“Because I didn’t have enough, but now I do,” the little boy replied. “Daddy, I have $20.00 now. Can I buy an hour of your time?”

男人很晚下班回家,再一次,很累并有点烦,发现他五岁的儿子靠在门旁等他。“爸爸,我可以问你一个问题吗?”

 

“是的,当然,这是什么呀?”那人回答。

 

“爸爸,你赚了多少钱一个小时吗?”

 

“这不关你的事!是什么使你问这样一个问题?”男人生气地说。

 

“我只是想知道。请告诉我,你一小时赚多少钱?”男孩恳求道。

 

“如果你一定要知道的话,我赚20.00美元一小时。”

 

“哦,”小男孩回答到,低着头。他抬起头,说:“爸爸,我可以借10.00美元吗?”

 

父亲生气了:“如果你想知道的唯一理由我赚多少只是,这样你可以借钱买无聊的玩具或其他没用的东西,那就赶紧回你的房间睡觉去。想想为什么你这么自私。我工作很长时间了,每天都努力工作,没有时间为这种幼稚的游戏。”

 

小男孩静静地走进自己的房间,关上了门。这个男人坐下并开始变得更亚麻对小孩的质疑。他怎么敢问这样的问题只是想得到一些钱。大约一个小时后,他平静下来了,开始想著他可能对孩子太凶了。也许这是他真的需要10.00美元,买的,他并不常常要钱用。

 

于是这个人走到小男孩的门口,打开了门的房间。“你睡了吗,儿子?”他问道。

 

“没有呢,爸爸。我醒着,”男孩回答。

 

“我一直在想,也许刚才我对你太严厉了,”那人说,“经过漫长的一天,我把怒气都发到你。这是你自找的,10.00美元。”小男孩坐直了身子,喜气洋洋的。“噢,谢谢爸爸!”他喊道。然后,他伸手到枕头底下,拿出一些被压地皱巴巴的纸币。

 

男人看见小男孩已经有钱了,不由地又生气起来。小男孩慢慢地数着他的钱,然后抬头看着那个男人。“你为什么想得到更多的钱,如果你已经有了一些吗?”父亲抱怨道。

 

“因为我的钱不够,不过现在够了,”小男孩回答,“爸爸,我现在有$ 20.00。我可以向你买一个小时的时间吗?”

11. What do you know about the man?

    A. He made a lot of money.

    B. He often came home from work late.

    C. He often went to work late.

    D. He spent lots of time taking care of his son.

  12. Why was the boy waiting for his father at the door?

    A. Because he missed his father very much.

    B. Because he was hungry.

    C. Because he wanted to borrow some money from his father.

    D. Because he had good news to tell his father.

  13. The man went to talk to his son because ________.

    A. he thought he might have been a little hard on his son.

    B. he wanted to ask his son some questions.

    C. he wanted to find out whether his son was asleep or not.

    D. his son was crying in his bedroom.

  14. The boy wanted to borrow some money from his father because ________.

    A. he wanted to buy a toy with the money

    B. he wanted to buy a birthday present for himself

    C. he didn’t have any money

    D. he didn’t have enough money to buy an hour of his father’s time

  15. What is the main idea of the passage?

    A. Parents should give their children some pocket money.

    B. Parents should not neglect (忽视) their children no matter how busy they are.

    C. Parents should not be hard on their children.

    D. Children can buy time from their parents.

 (4)

You may not realize it, but you are doing much more than just studying, when you are at school. School is also the place where you learn to get along well with people. But this is not always easy. What can you do if you just don’t like one of your classmates?

If you discover that you have problems getting along with your classmates or friends, the most important thing to learn is tolerance. Tolerance is the ability to realize and respect the differences in others. We can not change the way that other people do, so it is important to learn to live happily with them.

Tolerance will make everyone get on better with each other. Getting to know someone may help you understand why they do things differently. Something different does not exactly mean that it is bad. Tolerance teaches us to keep an even temper and open mind.

You need to remember an old saying, “treat others how you want to be treated”. You would like to be treated kindly by your classmates, so it is important to treat them kindly too. If you tolerate something, it does not mean that you have to like it. No one is asking you to change who you are or what you believe in. Tolerance just means that you should respect the differences in others and not try to make them change.

It is important to practice tolerance, because it will make everyone’s lives easier. Learn to accept people for their different abilities and interests. The world is very different, and practicing tolerance in your own school and city can help make a difference.

你可能没有意识到,但你所做的远不止是学习,当你在学校。学校也在这个地方你学会与人相处。但这并不总是那么容易。你能做什么,如果你只是不喜欢你的一位同学吗?

如果你发现你的问题跟你的同班同学相处得或朋友,最重要的事情是学会宽容。宽容是认识和尊重的能力差异的人。我们不能改变别人去做,所以它是重要的学会生活快乐地与他们。

宽容会使我们更好地与对方相处。了解某人可能会帮助你理解他们为什么用不同的方式来做事情。不同的东西并不完全意味着它是坏的。教我们保持一种宽容即使脾气及开放的心胸。

你必须记住一个古老的谚语说:“对待别人你想被如何”。你想成为治疗你的同学请是很重要的,所以善待他们了。如果你容忍一些东西,这并不意味着你必须喜欢它。没有人问你改变你是谁或你所相信的。宽容只是意味着你应该尊重他人的差异,而不是试图使它们的变化。

宽容的练习是非常重要的,因为它会使每个人的生活更加便利。学会接受人民的不同的能力和兴趣。世界是非常不同的,以及练习自己的学校和公差城市能帮助会有很大的影响。

16. According to the author, what is tolerance?

A. Tolerance is the ability that we have to change the way that other people do.

B. Tolerance is the ability to realize and respect the differences in others.

C. Tolerance is a weapon to fight against the enemy.

D. Tolerance is the way to discover whether you have problems getting along with your classmates or friends.

17. What does tolerance function (起作用) in getting along with your friends?

A. It makes you change who you are and what you believe.

B. It can help us understand why people do things differently.

C. It warns us to keep an even tempter and open mind.

D. It is important for us to learn tolerance.

18. Why is tolerance important?

A. Because it will make everyone’s lives easier.

B. Because it will make everyone get on better with each other.

C. Because it teaches us to respect the differences in others and not try to make them change.

D. All of the above.

19. “Treat others how you want to be treated”, what does the sentence mean?

A. If you want to be treated kindly, you should treat others kindly too.

B. If someone treats you badly, you will treat them kindly.

C. You should change yourself to tolerate others.

D. Others should change themselves to tolerate you.

20. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A. If you tolerate something, you must change yourself.

B. Tolerance can make you get on better with your classmates or friends, for it teaches you to keep an even temper and open mind.

C. We can live happily with other people by changing the way they do.

D. Practicing tolerance can not make any change in your life for the world is different.

(5)

I found out one time that doing a favor for someone could get you into a lot of trouble.

    One time when I was taking a final test, the girl next to me whispered something, but I couldn’t understand. So I leaned over her way and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk.

    Later, after we turned in all the test papers, the teacher asked me to stay in the room. As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she mentioned how important it was to stand on your own feet and be responsible for my own acts. For a long time she talked about honesty and emphasized that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating themselves. She made me promise that I wouldn’t think seriously about what she said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she chose to talk to me about all these things.

Later on, I found out that she thought I was cheating on the test. I tried to explain about the pen, but what she said was that it seemed very strange to her that I didn’t mention anything about the pen the day she talked to me right after the test. To this day, I am sure she continues to believe that I had cheated on that test. Appearances can be deceiving and it is difficult to know how others will perceive our action. 我发现一个时间,做一个忙,有人可能会让你陷入很多麻烦。

 

有一次,我正在一个最后的考试,在我旁边那个女孩子低声说了些什么,但我听不明白。因此,我的身子就朝她,发现她想问我是否有多余的钢笔。她给我,她也没墨水了,不会写。我碰巧有一个额外的一个,所以我把它从我的口袋里,放在她的书桌上。

 

之后,我们就把所有的试卷,老师问我待在房间里。当我们独自一人,她开始跟我谈什么是成长,她提到这件事是多么重要站在你自己的脚,我为自己的行为负责。很长一段时间她谈到诚实并强调说,如果人们做了一些不诚实的,他们是真正的欺骗自己。她让我发誓我不会认真考虑她说了什么,然后她告诉我我可以离开。我走出房间想知道她为什么选择跟我谈所有这一切。

 

后来,我发现她认为我在考试作弊。我尝试解释关于这支笔,但她说的是,它似乎很奇怪,她说,我没有提到任何关于这支笔一天她对我说权后,测试。时至今日,我确信她仍然相信我欺骗了这次测验。外表有时是会骗人的并且很难知道别人如何看待我们的行动。

21. Why did the girl say something to me in a low voice?

A. Because she wanted to have a look on my paper.

B. Because she couldn’t work out the question on the paper.

C. Because she wanted to ask me for a pen.

D. Because she wanted me to give her the answer to the questions.

22. Why did the teacher let me stay after class?

A. She wanted to give me a gift.

B. She wanted to talk with me.

C. She wanted to tell me a story.

D. She wanted to make me do some cleaning.

23. What did the teacher think about me?

A. She thought I was not mature (成熟的).

B. She thought I was an honest person.

C. She thought I did a right thing.

D. She thought I was cheating in the exam.

24. Why didn’t the teacher believe that I didn’t cheat on the test?

A. She saw I was cheating with her own eyes.

B. Someone else told her about it.

C. She thought if I didn’t cheat I would tell her the truth of the pen.

D. She couldn’t believe anything I said.

25. What can you infer (推断) from the passage?

A. We can’t judge from the appearance (表面).

B. We shouldn’t help others in the exam.

C. We should tell the teacher in time if we help others.

D. We shouldn’t cheat on the test.

(6)

 We all have certain habits and we can have good habits or bad habits.

This passage gives us some advice on how to be healthy. It tells us what we must do if we want to keep ourselves fit.

Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

This is an old English saying. It means that we must go to bed early in the evening and get up early in the morning.

Is this true? Perhaps it is. The body must have enough sleep. Children, for instance, need ten hours’ sleep every night. If we do not go to bed early, we cannot have enough sleep. Then we cannot think or do our work properly. We will not be wise or live a comfortable life.

Some people go to bed late at night and get up late in the morning. This is not good for them. We must sleep at night when it is dark. The dark helps us to sleep well. When daytime comes, we must get up. It is the time for exercise. Exercise means doing something with the body. Walking, running, jumping, swimming, playing games are all good forms of exercise. If the body is not used, it becomes weak. Exercise keeps it strong.

Exercise helps blood to move around inside the body. This is very important. Blood takes food to all parts of our bodies. The brains in our heads also need blood. We think with our brain. If we can keep our bodies healthy, and do exercises, we can think better!

Our bodies also need air to breathe. Without air we cannot live. We must have plenty of clean, fresh air to breathe if we want to be in good health.

So, people often sleep with their room windows open because they want to have plenty of clean, fresh air to breathe.

In brief, you don’t know what happiness is until you lose it; you don’t know what health is until you are ill. “Health is of vital importance to life” sounds like a cliché to everyone, but it is absolutely true. 我们都有一定的习惯,我们能有好的习惯和坏习惯。

这篇文章给我们一些建议如何保持健康。它告诉我们我们所必须做的,如果我们要保持我们的健康。

早睡早起使人健康、富有和聪明。

这是一个古老的英语谚语。这意味着我们必须早点上床睡觉在傍晚和大清早就起床。

这是真的吗?也许是。身体必须有充足的睡眠。孩子们,例如,需要每天晚上睡十个小时的。如果我们不早点上床睡觉,我们不能有足够的睡眠。那我们就不能思考或工作正常。我们将不会被明智或过舒适的生活。

有些人睡得很晚,早上起床很迟。这对孩子不好。我们必须在晚上睡觉时,天已经黑了。黑暗的帮助我们睡个好觉。当白天到来的时候,我们必须起床了。它是时间运动。锻炼方式做一些与身体。散步、跑步、跳跃、游泳、玩游戏都是好的运动方式。如果身体没有被使用,它将会变得虚弱。体育运动使它更强壮。

运动帮助血液身体内走动。这是很重要的。血进食所有我们身体的一部分。在我们的头脑之中的大脑也需要的血。我们想和我们的大脑。如果我们能保持身体健康,并做练习,我们可以认为更好!

我们的身体也需要空气来呼吸。没有空气我们不能活。我们必须有足够的洁净,清新的空气呼吸如果我们想要健康状况良好。

所以,人们常常睡在他们的房间窗户都开着,因为他们想要有足够的干净、清新空气来呼吸。

总之,你不知道什么是幸福,直到你失去它;你不知道什么是健康,直到你病了。”健康是最重要的生命”听起来像陈词滥调,每一个人,但这绝对是真实的。

26.Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. What does this statement mean?

A. If one goes to bed early, he would be a wise man.

B. If one gets up early, he would be a wealthy man.

C. If one goes to bed early and gets up early, he would be a wealthy man.

D. It is very important for us to form healthy habits.

27. According to the text, if we don’t have enough sleep, ________.

A. we won’t live comfortably

B. we will do our work correctly

C. we will think properly

D. we will be wise

28. Exercise is ________.

A. to do something with the body

B. to do more homework

C. to do more drills (训练)

D. to get up early in the morning

29. Why is exercise helpful for health? Because ________.

A. it helps us to sleep properly.

B. people will die soon if they do not have enough exercises

C. it helps take nutrition (营养) to every part of the body with blood circulation (血液循环)

D. it helps us to think and do our work properly.

30. Why do people often sleep with their room window open?

A. Because they want enough clean and fresh air to breathe.

B. Because they feel hot at night.

C. Because they want to look after their garden.

三、英译汉

1. At times my heart cries out with longing to see all these things. If I can get so much pleasure from mere touch, how much more beauty must be revealed by sight. Yet, those who have eyes apparently see little. The panorama of color and action which fills the world is taken for granted. It is human perhaps, to appreciate little that which we have and to long for that which we have not, but it is a great pity that in the world of light the gift of sight is used only as mere convenience rather than as a means of adding fullness to life. 有时我的心时时在呼号,渴望见到所有这一切。如果我能得到这么多的乐趣,仅凭我的触觉多少美丽的东西光明定会展示。可是,那些双目完好的人显然所见甚少。世间的色彩和动作的景象大千世界看作是理所当然的。它是人类的或许,不珍惜已拥有的东西而渴望我们没有,但是非常遗憾的是,在这光明的世界里,天赋的视力只被当成一种单纯的方便,而不是作为一种手段,充实的生活。

2. Which of your feelings do you let other people know about? Which do you keep to yourself? Sometimes it’s a good thing to say what you feel. At other times it’s better to keep quiet about your feelings. Sometimes it’s hard to know exactly what you feel. At other times feelings are so strong that you can not control them. People from different cultures have different ways of dealing with feelings. It is said that English people are cold. If they do feel anything, they will not let other people know. 你的情感你让别人知道什么?你把你自己吗?有时它是一件好事情说出你的感受。在其他时候最好保持沉默关于你的感情。有时候很难确切了解你的感受。在其他时候的感情很强壮,你不能控制他们。来自不同文化的人有不同的方式处理的感情。据说英国人是冷的。如果他们真的感觉到什么,他们不会让别人知道。

3. The little boy quietly went to his room and shut the door. The man sat down and started to get even madder about the little boy’s questioning. How dare he ask such questions only to get some money. After an hour or so, the man had calmed down, and started to think he may have been a little hard on his son. Maybe there was something he really needed to buy with that $10.00, and he really didn’t ask for money very often. The man went to the door of the little boy’s room and opened the door. “Are you asleep, son?” he asked. 小男孩静静地走进自己的房间,关上了门。这个男人坐下并开始变得更亚麻对小孩的质疑。他怎么敢问这样的问题只是想得到一些钱。大约一个小时后,他平静下来了,开始想著他可能对孩子太凶了。也许这是他真的需要10.00美元,买的,他并不常常要钱用。于是这个人走到小男孩的门口,打开了门的房间。“你睡了吗,儿子?”他问道。

4. One hot summer day, Professor Rudd decided to take his children to the beach. The seaside town he planned to visit was a three-hour train ride away. To make the trip more interesting for his young children, he kept the name of the town a secret. Unfortunately, by the time Rudd had arrived at the train station, the poor forgetful man had forgotten the name of his destination himself. Luckily, a friend of his happened to be in the station. He offered to take care of the children while Rudd went back home to find out where he was going. 在一个炎热的夏日,教授陆克文决定把他的孩子们去海滩。他计划去海边城市访问了三个小时火车走了。这次旅行他年幼的孩子更有趣,他不停的那个城镇的名字时一个秘密。不幸的是,陆克文已经到达火车站的时候,这个可怜的健忘的人忘记了他自己的名字目的地。幸运的是,他的一个朋友碰巧在车站。他主动提出要照顾孩子,陆克文回家时发现他去了哪里。

5. The home of bees is called a bee-hive. Here hundreds — even thousands — of bees live. They work day and night building small walls of wax. Here they make their honey. This is the same honey that we eat. Where does the honey come from? Bees live on food from flowers. Have you ever seen bees flying around a flower garden? When a bee rests on a flower, it tries to go to the center of it. There it takes in as much food as its body can hold. Then it carries the food back to the hive. 家里的蜜蜂被称为一个bee-hive。在这里,几百年、甚至数千蜜蜂活着。他们日夜工作楼小墙蜡制的。在这里,他们使他们的蜂蜜。这同样是我们吃蜂蜜。在何处蜂蜜从何而来?蜜蜂从花的食品而活着。你看过蜜蜂飞在花园吗?当一只蜜蜂在花休息,并试图去它的中心。那把尽可能多的食物,它的身体可以举行。然后它携带食物回巢。

6. How do bees know where to find the best food in the sweetest flowers? One bee acts as a guide. When it discovers good flowers, it flies back to the hive to tell the others. It does this by dancing for them. The bee dances on one side. This tells the other bees which way to go to find the flowers, but that is not all. The bee dances for some time, and the length of its dance tells the other bees how far they must fly to reach the flowers. When the other bees see the dance, they know where the flowers are. They fly away and return with more food for the hive. 蜜蜂怎样知道去哪里找到这些最好的食品在甜蜜的花香欣赏吗?有一只蜜蜂的指引。当它发现好的花,它飞回到蜂箱告诉别人。它通过跳舞。蜜蜂舞蹈在一方。这就告诉其他的蜜蜂要走哪条路去找花,但这还不是所有。蜜蜂舞蹈一段时间,舞蹈的长度如何告诉其他的蜜蜂。到目前为止,他们必须飞到花朵。当其他的蜜蜂舞蹈,他们知道看到这些花的地方。它们飞走的时候,还和更多的食物的蜂箱。

 

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